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Instructions for authors

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  • Instructions for authors

Table of Contents

I. General policy

The Journal of Neurosonology and Neuroimaging (J Neurosonol Neuroimag, JNN) is a regular academic journal of Korean Society of Neurosonology, publishing all studies related to neurosonology and neuroimaging in the field of stroke, cerebrovascular or other neurological diseases. The JNN offers full coverage of all the relevant stroke or cerebrovascular aspects of neurosonology including transcranial Doppler, carotid duplex ultrasound, and neuroimaging modalities such as MRI, CT, SPECT, or PET. It is also interested in the field of peripheral nervous system based on ultrasound or imaging. Basic sciences can be welcome if the results are closely relevant to clinical practice. The submission policy is based on the “Uniform requirement for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals, Ann Internal Med, 1997;126:36-47” issued by the international medical journal editing committee. What is not stated in this instruction follows the general principles of the above format.

1) Submission and author
Submitting author must be member of the society or qualified by the editing committee. Author of the study must have contributed fully for the study and who can take responsibility for the contents of the study. Qualification for author is limited to who has contributed in setting of basic concept of the study, design of the study, analysis and interpretation of the data, or who have contributed in writing the manuscript, and who agree to the contents of the contents of the manuscript.
2) Duplicate publication
What has been published in other journals is not allowed for submission in our journal. Any study published through our journal must not be published in other journals without any permissions.
3) Types of manuscript
‘Original article’, ‘Review’, ‘Case report’, and ‘Editorial’ appointed by the committee of publication can be considered for peer-reviewed publication in Journal of Neurosonology and Neuroimaging.
4) Paper review policy
All submitted papers are reviewed by more than two experts on the topic, and review by the editing committee decides upon the publication. The editing committee may put corrections to the manuscript within the scope of not affecting the original contents. Once rejected for publication, the manuscript is not reviewed any more.
5) Ethical policy
In any possibility of exposing the patient’s personal information like the patient’s picture of the face, prior permission from the patient or his or her guardian should be obtained, and it should also be elucidated in the manuscript.
6) Quotation of previously published data
Any quotation of figures or graphs from other previous publication should go through permission of the original author and be elucidated on the paper.
7) Copyright
The copyright of the published manuscripts in JNN is held by the Korean Society of Neurosonology.

II. Manuscript Preparation

1) Article types
(1) Original article
  • An abstract is no longer than 250 words and should be provided with the following headings: Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions. The maximum length for original manuscripts is 4,500 words including abstract, tables, figure legends, and references. The total number of figures and/or tables is limited to 7. Additional tables and figures may be provided using the online supplemental data system. Citation with irrelevant or numerous references should be avoided.
(2) Review
  • Review is a manuscript focused on a specific title, appointed by the editing committee, and published after certain screening. Abstract is required, but does not need to follow the structured format of an Original Article. It is recommended that Review has the approximate length of 6,000 words including abstract, tables, figure legends, and references.
(3) Case report
  • Case reports are limited to when the case is rare, special or of clinical importance which can offer considerable insight into controversial disease entity. The maximum length for case report is 1500 words and two tables and/or figures. An abstract should be less than 150 words. The reference is limited to 10. The JNN requires providing author’s reason for reporting the case in a separate cover letter.
(4) Editorial
  • Any constructive criticism or opinion on a specific paper published in Journal of Neurosonology and Neuroimaging may be stated. It should be referring only to printed articles within 6 months, with word count of within 300, and total number of reference within 5.
2) Copyright
The Korean Society of Neurosonology requires that the Copyright Transfer Agreement accompany all submissions. Hand-written signatures are required by each author and the scanned form is to be uploaded with online submission.
3) General instruction for authors
Authors should submit manuscripts electronically, uploading documents (cover letter, manuscript, figures, and supplemental data) to the submission website (http://j-nn.org). The system will convert documents to PDF files. It is recommended to submit manuscripts in Microsoft Word documents (.doc files). Before review process, if manuscripts are determined to be incompletely prepared, they can be returned to the authors.

Manuscripts should be presented in the following sequence:
  • Cover letter
  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Subjects and methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgements
  • Sources of Funding
  • Conflict of Interest
  • References
  • Table
  • Figure legend
(1) Cover letter
  • The cover letter accompanying the manuscript must specify the type of manuscript and include statements on ethical issues and conflicts of interest, and complete contact information for the corresponding author. The cover letter should include the following statement: "All authors have read and approved the submitted manuscript, the manuscript has not been submitted elsewhere nor published elsewhere in whole or in part, except as an abstract (if relevant)." The cover letter may include the names of potential reviewers (e-mail addresses are required). However, the Editors cannot always guarantee assignment of a particular reviewer to a manuscript.
(2) Title page
  • The title page should contain the following information:
    • The full title of the manuscript, not to exceed 120 characters.
    • A shortened version of the title, no more than 50 characters long (including spaces), as a running title.
    • The full names of all authors. Authors should be limited to those individuals who contributed in an important manner to the study design, data collection and analysis, or writing of the paper.
    • The department and institution where work was performed, as well as the affiliations of the individual authors.
    • Name, address, and phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author to whom communications regarding the manuscript should be directed.
    • Total word count of Abstract, and total word count including all parts of the manuscript (i.e., title page, abstract, main body of text, acknowledgments, sources of funding, disclosures, references, figure legends, and tables).
(3) Abstract
  • The content of the abstract should be in order of Background, Methods, Results, Conclusion, and Key Words. Each heading should be separated, and within 5 Key Words should be recorded on the bottom of the abstract, where the words should be from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of the Index Medicus. For abstract of case report, the abstract is composed in one paragraph without dividing into above headings (background, methods, results, and conclusion).
(4) Introduction
  • The purpose of the study should be concisely and clearly stated, and description of the background should only contain what is related to the purpose. For a case report, no title of “introduction” is needed, and only general background and meaning related to the case should be briefly stated.
(5) Subjects and methods
  • Subjects and methods of the study should be described in order. Participants, experimental animals, and control group should be clearly specified, and when the method of the experiment is the focus, it should be specifically described to enable reproduction. Especially, method for identifying the target disease should be described. Standards for inclusion and exclusion of the experimental group and control group should be clearly stated. Apparatus and reagents should be labeled of the name with the manufacturing company, city, and country in parenthesis. For statistics, the most commonly used method may be described. However, when unfamiliar method is used or the existing method is used with modification, the method should be briefly introduced with reference with explanation on the reason for trying the new method.
(6) Results
  • Results of the study should be listed clearly in logical point of view. When tables are used, the content does not need to be repeatedly described in the manuscript, and only important and essential points should be clarified.
(7) Discussion
  • The results of the study should be discussed and comparatively analyzed in relation to other studies. New and important observation should be emphasized, and the content of the introduction and result should not be repeatedly mentioned. The meaning of observation and limitation should be described, and the conclusion should be briefly stated at the last paragraph taking the result and purpose of the study in correlation.
(8) Acknowledgments
  • When necessary, acknowledgment for who has contributed to the study but does not suit as an author may be stated. Acknowledgment should be expressed for the contributor’s specific role (for example collection of data, financial support, statistical support, experimental analysis, etc), and the fact of putting his or her name in the acknowledgment should be notified to the contributor for permission.
(9) Sources of Funding
  • Authors must list all sources of research support relevant to the manuscript in this location. If you have no disclosures, please state “None”.
(10) Conflicts of interest
  • Authors must state disclosures at the end of main text and on online when submitting a manuscript. Unless you have relevant conflicts of interest, please state “None”.
(11) References
  • References should be numbered serially in the text using numbers as unparenthesized superscripts: 1,2,5-7 When reference is quoted within the manuscript, the name of the author is not recommended to be described.
  • There is no limitation to total number of references, but making it within 30 references is recommended in original article.
  • When citing an article that is accepted but not published it should be specified as ‘in press’.
  • The names of journals should use the official abbreviation of Index Medicus.
  • Less than or equal to 6 authors should be recorded all, and for greater than or equal to 7 authors, ‘et al.’ is put after the first 6 authors.
  • Names of authors are put as last name followed by first name with the first letter in capital.
  • It is recorded in a new page in order of citation in the manuscript following the format below.
  • What is not exampled below follows the format of “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals”.
Article in academic journal
1. Lee KS, Choi IS. A clinical study of brain tuberculomas based upon 20 case records. J Korean Neurol Assoc. 1985;3:241-253.
Book
1. Wyllie E. The treatmemt of epilepsy. 2nd ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 1997;97-98.
Chapter within a book
1. Calne CB, Duvoision RFC, McGeer E. Speculation on the etiology of Parkinson’s disease. In: Hassler RG, Christ JF. Advances in neurology. 2nd ed. Vol. 40. New York: Raven Press. 1984;353-360.
Electronic data
1. Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1996 Jun 5];1(1): [24 screens]. Available from http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/eid.ht.
(12) Tables
  • Each table should be included in the main manuscript file as a Word table in order to ensure correct column alignment.
  • Tables must be cited in text and numbered according to order of appearance.
  • Name of the table should be briefly described in verse or phrase format with the first letters of the words of the table name and content put in capital letters.
  • For footnotes, use the following symbols in the indicated sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ∥, ¶, **, ††, and ‡‡. The significance of observations, as determined by appropriate statistical analyses, must be indicated. Expansion of abbreviation should all start with small letters, and semicolons should be put in between abbreviations (i.e., BMI, body mass index; CDU, carotid Doppler ultrasound).
  • The significance of observations, as determined by appropriate statistical analyses, must be indicated.
(13) Figures
  • Figures should be prepared in digital and each figure should be in separate file upon submission (do not embedded the figures in the Microsoft Word manuscript file).
  • Figures are cited in numerical order (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.) as they appear in the text.
  • For figure composed of many figures (for example Figure 1-A, B, C…), the entire figure should be combined and composed upon submission as one file. Upon combination, the margins should be removed as much as possible, and appropriately composed to a balanced figure so that every single figure shows itself well when printed.
  • Since size and resolution of the figure is directly related to the quality of the figure when printed, please follow by the instructions thoroughly. Especially, make sure the size of the figure is not too small.
  • Line art should be at least 600 dpi, and half tone or color figure should be at least 300 dpi.
  • Size of the figure can be estimated by actual pixel in photoshop for actual size of the figure, and print size or image size should be greater than actual print size.
  • Acceptable file formats for figure are JPEG, TIFF, GIF, EPS, or PPT.
  • Colored figures should be saved in CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, black) file format for submission. (Files saved in RGB format is not acceptable.) Half tone figures may be saved in grayscale mode instead of CMYK.
  • Legends for figures must appear on a separate page at the end of the manuscript file (following References).

  • If you have any questions about the online submission process, contact the Editorial Office by e-mail at ksn@neurosonology.or.kr or by telephone at +82-2-2650-5874.

III. Publication of the Journal

The JNN is published two times a year on the last day of June and December.
Supplementary issues are published by occasional manner.

IV. Terms of reference

Other items not regulated in this instruction are under the determination of the editing committee.

V. Effectuation of the rule

This rule is initiated from June, 2018.



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Editorial Office
1071, Anyangcheon-ro, Yangcheon-gu, Seoul 07985, Republic of Korea
Tel: +82-2-2650-5874    E-mail: ksn@neurosonology.or.kr                

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